“The role of the mahalla institute in solving population problems: the experience of Uzbekistan”. Press conference on this topic
On October 16 of this year, the Republican Council of Mahallas held a press conference on this very topic.
The event, which was attended by a number of foreign ambassadors, embassies and accredited media in Uzbekistan, highlighted the main objectives of the reform process, which has a long history of the Mahalla Institute.
It is well known that the mahalla is a socio-economic and regional community that promotes compliance with certain national, ethical and everyday rules, holidays, good times and bad days, and unity.
The neighborhood has a long history, and its roots go back to the Bronze Age. The area, which appeared long before the invasion of the Arabs and the adoption of Islam, is a community of people living in a small territory, not only with neighbors, but also with centuries-old internal rules, mores, customs and traditions. were connected.
Historically, the district was led by an elder leader. The elder leader is a specially chosen person who governs everyday life and directs it in the right direction in accordance with customs. Elder candidates were invited by the most respected and affluent members of the country and then approved by the local judge. The man who was elected as an elder leader has always been honored even with world leaders.
The emphasis on improving the organizational and legal framework of the mahalla, which went through long stages of development, expanding the range of tasks and ensuring close cooperation with government and other civil society institutions, paved the way for the development of such a unique system in the world.
Its role and status in society were strengthened as a self-governing organization and was expanded by Article 105 of the Constitution. In 2017-2019 alone, 36 laws and regulations were issued.
In particular, by Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated February 3, 2017 N UP-4944 "On measures to further improve the mahalla institute", PF-5700 "On measures to radically increase the role of the mahalla institution in communicating with the population." was an important step towards enhancing the role and place of the mahalla in society.
According to the Decree “On measures to radically increase the role of the mahalla institution in solving the problems of the population”, moral and material opportunities were created for the chairmen of the mahallas, and they were given broad powers.
Now the chairmen of the mahallas are authorized to set specific tasks for the state bodies and departments responsible for the socio-economic development of the region, eliminating the problems of the population, creating new jobs, supporting entrepreneurs and their rigorous implementation.
The role of the mahalla in the formation and development of civil society in our country is invaluable. A vivid example is the gradual implementation of the principle “from a strong state to a strong civil society”.
The Uzbek makhalla is a unique national democratic institution, which is fundamentally different from the model of self-government in other countries. It plays an important role in democratizing society, maintaining peace and interethnic harmony. In short, the mahalla is a very stable and stable structure.
In accordance with the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Public Control”, it is defined as the subject of effective public control over the activities of state authorities and administration, as well as their officials, and today their role and status are increasing.
In particular, the implementation of the procedure for studying and solving the problems of the population, working on the principle of “mahalla - sector - public reception - mahalla”, contributes to the creation of a mahalla institution in order to live in a more friendly, troubled society.
Public control on the part of civil self-government bodies, in turn, plays an important role in ensuring the rule of law, their full implementation, solving potential problems in the region and, most importantly, in improving the social security system of citizens.
Mahalla is well aware that when there is strong public control over the activities of state bodies, people are less worried, their dreams come true, and their satisfaction with life increases.
Today, enormous changes are taking place in all regions of the country, and each of us is witnessing tremendous work to ensure the interests of people.
The Rim Village and Mahalla Rim programs bring breath and renew to the most remote areas of the country. Perspectives of people, their way of life is changing, and the culture of life in rural areas is increasing.
All these radical reforms, which are a practical manifestation of an action strategy, are aimed at achieving the goal of turning our country into the most developed country, preserving the peace and tranquility of our people, improving the well-being of families and reaching harmony with the people.
The staff of the makhalla division understands and encourages their daily activities to serve the practical implementation of these reforms.
It is important to note that as a result of extensive work done in all areas, the quality of life in the country has improved, the welfare of the population has increased, with an expected life expectancy from 67 to 73.5 years, including men from 66 to 71 years and women from 70 to 75, 8. increased age.
Today, efforts to improve the living standards in the country - small business, family entrepreneurship, dekhkan and household, craft and household - all this is done with the direct participation of the mahalla.
Public commissions under local self-government organizations of citizens and the group of "lawyers of the elderly" play an important role in society. As a result of their direct intervention in families and communities, various negative situations are prevented.
The quality of work has improved significantly as a result of joint efforts to prevent the level of crime, to maintain public order, especially the provision of housing, office service cars for inspectors helped. In particular, in the first 9 months of this year, 5747 crimes were prevented in 9098 districts.
Civic councils, as well as “leaders of the Houses” and “leaders of the street” also play an important role in preventing adverse events in the area of “Makhalla”.
The implementation of individual programs and measures for employment, job creation in Uzbekistan has a positive effect. In this regard, the gathering of citizens has become the closest supporter of employment, family and private entrepreneurs.
In addition, as a result of the implementation of the “Every Family is an Entrepreneur” program, the number of family enterprises in the communities increased to create conditions for each family to do business and have a stable source of income. In short, the mahalla plays an important role in reconciling families with disintegration.
The country is currently undergoing a serious political process. According to the election code, self-government bodies are currently actively participating in the elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis and local councils on December 22.
Firstly, each polling station is located in the mahalla region. Secondly, the chairman of the mahalla, his deputies and the executive secretary are involved in this political process as observers. This also testifies to the growing role of the mahalla institution in the country's socio-political life.
In short, the “mahalla” as a social institution both in ancient times and at present has rendered great assistance in the development of social relations: mutual cooperation, mutual assistance, solidarity, respect and morality.
Mahallas of Uzbekistan serve to unite and join the population in different regions and all of them are considered by all as equal citizens, regardless of their social origin, nationality, religion, religion or status in society.
The “Makhalla” expresses the equal opportunity for all citizens to solve common problems, does not allow discrimination on the basis of ethnic or religious affiliation, and seeks ways to resolve national and ethnic conflicts.
We can also say that we feel the pride of our homeland, the holiness of our land, the warmth and warmth of people, primarily through the mahalla.
This ancient trend is penetrating deeper into our lives today. At the same time, the status and prestige of “Mahallas” in the life of our society is being strengthened, and it is becoming a fair and influential institution of social assistance, the closest and most popular one for the population.